java web图形验证码

java web图形验证码

<!DOCTYPE html>
<head>
    <title>新用户注册</title>
    <style>
       #box2{
            margin-top:1.5%;
        }
        input {
            border-left:none;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="input-group" id="box2">
            <span class="input-group-addon">图形验证码:</span>
            <input type="tel" class="form-control" placeholder="请输入图形验证码" />
        <span><canvas id="canvas" width="120" height="45"></canvas>
             <a href="#" id="changeImg">看不清,换一张</a></span>
        </div>
<script>
  /**生成一个随机数**/
  function randomNum(min,max){
    return Math.floor( Math.random()*(max-min)+min);
  }
  /**生成一个随机色**/
  function randomColor(min,max){
    var r = randomNum(min,max);
    var g = randomNum(min,max);
    var b = randomNum(min,max);
    return "rgb("+r+","+g+","+b+")";
  }
  drawPic();
  document.getElementById("changeImg").onclick = function(e){
    e.preventDefault();
    drawPic();
  }
 
  /**绘制验证码图片**/
  function drawPic(){
    var canvas=document.getElementById("canvas");
    var width=canvas.width;
    var height=canvas.height;
    var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
    ctx.textBaseline = 'bottom';
 
    /**绘制背景色**/
    ctx.fillStyle = randomColor(180,240); //颜色若太深可能导致看不清
    ctx.fillRect(0,0,width,height);
    /**绘制文字**/
    var str = 'ABCEFGHJKLMNPQRSTWXY123456789';
    for(var i=0; i<4; i++){
      var txt = str[randomNum(0,str.length)];
      ctx.fillStyle = randomColor(50,160);  //随机生成字体颜色
      ctx.font = randomNum(15,40)+'px SimHei'; //随机生成字体大小
      var x = 10+i*25;
      var y = randomNum(25,45);
      var deg = randomNum(-45, 45);
      //修改坐标原点和旋转角度
      ctx.translate(x,y);
      ctx.rotate(deg*Math.PI/180);
      ctx.fillText(txt, 0,0);
      //恢复坐标原点和旋转角度
      ctx.rotate(-deg*Math.PI/180);
      ctx.translate(-x,-y);
    }
    /**绘制干扰线**/
    for(var i=0; i<8; i++){
      ctx.strokeStyle = randomColor(40,180);
      ctx.beginPath();
      ctx.moveTo( randomNum(0,width), randomNum(0,height) );
      ctx.lineTo( randomNum(0,width), randomNum(0,height) );
      ctx.stroke();
    }
    /**绘制干扰点**/
    for(var i=0; i<100; i++){
      ctx.fillStyle = randomColor(0,255);
      ctx.beginPath();
      ctx.arc(randomNum(0,width),randomNum(0,height), 1, 0, 2*Math.PI);
      ctx.fill();
    }
  }
  </script>
</html>

 

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